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Federal Poverty Level (FPL)

The federal government uses two different definitions of poverty. Official poverty population statistics uses the U.S. Census poverty threshold while the eligibility for public programs and subsidies is based on the poverty guidelines by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP)

The total percent of a state’s Medicaid expenses that are paid for by the federal government. This percentage can vary from 50 percent to 83…